The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
The Industrial Revolution for Kids
Many people were put out of work and replaced with machines. People who still had jobs had to work in poorly built factories. The tenement houses built near the factories or attached to them for the workers, were even worse. They were fire traps. Few had running water. Large families lived in one or two rooms. When the adult workers complained about the conditions, factory owners began to hire children, sometimes very young children, some as young as four years old. It was cheaper than hiring adults. Children worked 12-14 hours a day under dangerous conditions. Some were mistreated or whipped if they fell behind in their work.
Many of the comforts we enjoy today are dependent upon machines, for example machines that generate electricity. Very few people would wish to return to the way things were before the Industrial Revolution, but many new laws had to be enacted and enforced to remove the bad and the ugly, and leave the good.